In response to the Islamic resurgence of the 1970s and beyond, the Suharto (1966-1998) and Mahathir (1981-2003) governments undertook massive Islamisation programs in Indonesia and Malaysia respectively. This included co-opting influential religious scholars into state-sponsored institutions. In 1975, Suharto formed the Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI); while in the 1980s, Mahathir upgraded the Malaysian National Fatwa Council (JKF-MKI), JAKIM (Department of Islamic Development Malaysia) and IKIM (Malaysian Institute for Islamic Understanding). The `official` ulamas-the religious scholars who participated in these institutions-were expected to support the states` ideologies in exchange for reward and recognition. This book examines the extent to which official ulamas in contemporary Indonesia and Malaysia capitalised on their co-optation to `capture` the states. By capture, a concept popularized in political economy, I refer to societal actors` ability to influence laws, policies, and the distribution of resources in their favour. The book examines how policies undertaken by Suharto (1966-1998) and Mahathir (1981-2003) determine capture successes and failures of official ulama in their respective countries.
Taal / Language : English
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